Looking for the original source of what I believe to be misinformation regarding some authors who claim Victor Licata “Killed another patient” while in a mental hospital. The statement appears on several Internet sites, but I have not been able to find any definitive source for the information. Possible source is a posted note attached to Albert and Robert Rowell’s book “On The Trail Of Marijuana, The Weed Of Madness” in the chapter entitled “Madness for Profit Victor Licata” at:  http://www.lycaeum.org/~sputnik/Ludlow/Trail/trail.html

Also looking for source of statistics related to Gore File cases which typically states somthing to the effect that ”Of the 200 specific cases referred to by Anslinger, his accusation were proven false in 198″. I suspect “Pot Culture: Anslingers Lies” as the source at: http://www.ukcia.org/potculture/20/lies.html

When I conduct an Internet search for Harry J. Anslinger quotes I am overwhelmed by the vast number of unreferenced racist statements attributed to the man. Typically the better a quote sounds, the less likely it is to have a reference attached, suggesting a majority of the statements in question are actually fabrications. With so many people accusing Anslinger of being a racist, you would thinks someone would have evidence to back up all the accusations. Attention authors, If you can not provide a reference, than its not a quote! Therefore, I am trying to locate a few quotes attributed to Anslinger, but I am not having much luck. Can someone provide me with a reference lead for any of the following statements attributed to Harry Anslinger? I prefer primary references, but will except a secondary ones. So many quotes, so little time…

I believe Anslinger was a racist, but I am not willing to address his 1934 memo describing an informant as a “ginger-colored nigger”. I feel many authors resort to using the memo when they can’t find a racially charged quote with a good reference.

Most of the seemingly traceable Anslinger statements, which could be construed as  racist, appear to be coming from his personal papers donated to Pen State. Very disappointing that no one has stepped forward with a reference regarding some sort of raciest statement made in public by Anslinger. However, I am still interested in finding someone who is planning to visit Pen State University to have them search for the Anslinger quotes in question.

A referece ”discussion”  is also going on behind Harry Anslingers Wiki Quotes page at:


Quotes Attributed to Anslinger


“..the primary reason to outlaw marijuana is its effect on the degenerate races.”……(If this proves to be a real quote it would be one of the best Anslinger statements I have ever seen. I am especially interested in locating this one.)

“Marihuana influences Negroes to look at white people in the eye, step on white men’s shadows and look at a white woman twice.”…….Hearst newspaper 1935

“Reefer makes darkies think they’re as good as white men.”…… 1929?

“Marijuana is an addictive drug which produces in its users insanity, criminality, and death.”

“Marijuana is the most violence-causing drug in the history of mankind.”…….1937 Marihuana Tax Act? (Did not find this quote in Tax Act hearings)

“Marihuana leads to pacifism and communist brainwashing.”…….1948?

“There are 100,000 total marijuana smokers in the US, and most are Negroes, Hispanics, Filipinos and entertainers. Their Satanic music, jazz and swing, result from marijuana usage. This marijuana causes white women to seek sexual relations with Negroes, entertainers and any others.”……A Wiki Quote author referenced two sources for this quote, the first one being “Legalizing Marijuana, Drug Policy Reform and Prohibition Politics, by Rudolph J.Gerber, 2004, p. 9. The text before the quote states: “The 1937 Tax Act hearings conflated more so with anecdotes than with objective research. Here is a sample of Anslinger’s testimony:”. However, instead of referencing the Tax Act proceedings, the quote is followed by #33 that wrongfully and inadequately references one of Anslingers Pen State boxes stating “33. “Marijuana Users-Musicians, 1933-1937,” AP, box 9, and text at p. 12.” I question this reference because of the bad tax act atribation and the fact that Mr. Gerber only identified a box and not the file. The second Wiki Quote references “Hawking Hits on the Information Highway: The Challenges of Online Drug Sales for Law Enforcement, by Laura L. Finley, 2008, p. 28.” which identifies the source as “O’Connor, T. (2006). A History of the War on Drugs” retrieved from www.faculty.ncwc.edu/t_oconnor. DEAD END LINK……Does anyone have another reference for this quote attributed to Anslinger?

“Colored students at the Univ. of Minn. partying with female students (white) smoking [marijuana] and getting their sympathy with stories of racial persecution. Result pregnancy.” (quote attributed to Anslinger, from The Protectors, Harry J. Anslinger and the Federal Bureau of Narcotics, 1930-1962, by John C. McWilliams, quote page 53, McWilliams cites ”13. “Arrest and Conviction” AP, box 8, file 10.” Located in Anslinger personnel files donated to Pen State University)

“ Two Negroes took a girl fourteen years old and kept her for two days in a hut under the influence of marihuana. Upon recovery she was found to be “suffering from” syphilis.” (quote attributed to Anslinger, from The Protectors, Harry J. Anslinger and the Federal Bureau of Narcotics, 1930-1962, by John C. McWilliams, quote page 53, McWilliams cites ”13. “Arrest and Conviction” AP, box 8, file 10.” Located in Anslinger personnel files donated to Pen State University)

“Take all of the good in Dr. Jekyll and the worst in Mr. Hyde-the result is opium. This is not so with marihuana. Its importance in the Pharmacopoeia is not intrinsically indispensable. Marihuana may be considered more harmful in its potentialities for evil than its limited advantages for medical or commercial purposes. It is Mr. Hyde alone.” (quote attributed to Anslinger, from The Protectors, Harry J. Anslinger and the Federal Bureau of Narcotics, 1930-1962, by John C. McWilliams, quote page 53, McWilliams cites ”10. Speech made at the Women’s National Exposition of Arts and Industry, March 1935, AP, box 1, file “Speeches by Harry Anslinger, 1930-1938.” Located in Anslinger personnel files donated to Pen State University.)


I would like to obtain a photograph, postcard or stationary from the Lothrop Hotel, 1755 Lawrence, Denver, Colorado that stood at the corner of 18th and Lawrence from 1906 through 1944.  Looking for a photograph of the Lothrop hotel without a copyright attached or a postcard/stationary containing a picture or drawing  of hotel.


Does anyone know who originally coined the term “Gore Files” when referring to Harry Anslinger and the Bureau of Narcotics collection of newspaper articles professing the evils of marijuana?  Was it Anslinger himself or a pro-marijuana author?

ANSWER–In an e-mail from Larry Sloman, author of the 1979 book Reefer Madness, he proclaimed to be the one who coined the term “Gore Files”.


Looking for an FBI WANTED poster of Victor Licata (Florida Ax Killer erroneously said to have been high on marijuana when he slaughtered his family). Several articles seem to suggest that the feds distributed a Wanted Poster to law enforcement and major newspapers some time after his escape from a Chattahoochee, Florida prison on Oct. 14, 1945. A Denver Post article entitled “Peddlers of Marijuana Lead Youth to Crime” (July 18, 1948 p 1, Sec C), contains what looks like an artist’s rendition of Victor Licata, which could have come from a Wanted Poster.


Always interested in obtaining old cannabis recipes (pre 1940′s). Typically the best ones are from India like Bhang & Majun (also spelled Majoom, Majoon, Majum) Majun also goes by the name Alwa and Halva. Many books briefly mention old cannabis recipes, but rarely go into enough detail to actually make them.


I am an avid collector of Mezz Mezzrow references (born Milton Mesirow Nov. 9, 1899, died Aug. 5, 1972). Interested in  jazz articles discussing this controversial clarinet and sax player, even ones that only briefly mention him and his activities. In the future I plan on compiling a reference list containing the dozens of Mezzrow articles I have found during my marijuana research.  I am very interested in working with a jazz historian on a publication about the life of Mezzrows after publishing his book “Really The Blues”. Oddly enough, I haven’t been able to find the few newspaper references Mezzrow mentioned in his book. A brief mention of the articles can be found on page 289 (first edition). The stories are in regards to Mezzrow’s band, the “Disciples Of Swing” being the first mixed jazz band.

Is there anyone who can help me track down the following articles? The stories are thought to appear between November 28th 1937 and January of 1938, based on the New York Times article “News And Gossip Of Night Clubs” that mentions the Harlem Uproar House gig having occurred (Nov. 28, 1937 p. 10X).  A researcher visiting The New York State Library would yield the best results for the following articles, as well as being able to do more extensive reference searches (card catalogs, newspaper clipping collections, special collections of music material, etc…)

  • The Orchestra World – Headline: “Ofay-Sepia ‘Disciples Of Swing’ Shatter Big Town Traditions”.
  • Tempo – In the “news of the month” section.
  • Billboard –, full page headline?: “Mixed Band Bows On Broadway” with possible by line of “Mezzrow Takes Sepia & Ofay Swingsters Out in the Open”.

Also looking for a Mezz Mezzrow album cover said by Leonard Feather to mention  the Harlem Uproar House gig having been “vandalized by fascist hoods”.

Also looking for the date when Bernard Wolfe’s afterword to  ”Really The Blues” was inserted into the book?  Some time after 1968, but before October 1985? Answer 1973: I found the information published in the Music Educators Journal, in an article entitled, Really the Blues, Mar 1973, p 97:  …”Originally published in 1946, the account contains a new afterword by Bernard Wolfe, who collaborated on the book with Mezzrow. Details on the $2.50 Anchorage Book can be obtained from Doubleday & Company, Inc.  …”

Also looking for Mezzrow’s two lost trunks, one lost in New York early on in his career, containing among other jazz memorabilia his 365,000 words cut out of Really The Blues during the editing process, and the second trunk lost in Paris after his death in 1972 containing Really The Blues Part Two previously submitted to Henry Miller in 1970.

Also looking for the original twelve-inch acetate discs of Mezz Mezzrows “Really The Blues Concert”, performed on January 1, 1947, in New York’s Town Hall. The recording  was edited and transferred to record and distributed by Jazz Archives in 1978. I bought the Jazz Archive version  of “Really The Blues Concert” for my collection, but was greatly disappointed to find Mezzrow’s commentary on the music was edited out.  On the back of the Album author Chris Albertson stated, among other things, that ”The album ends, as did the concert (except for some commentary and a few plugs by Mezzrow)” On the lower right corner of the record album the jacket also states “Special thanks to Chris Albertson who made this valuable source of material available to us from his personal collection.” but upon contacting Chris he stated that he had never owned the original acetates of the concert and does not know what happened to them. The next step is contacting the other people involved withthis jazz vinyl, which are as follows, Executive Producer: Marvin Goldsmith & Jerry Valburn, Technical Supervision: Jerry Valburn, Transfer & Editing: Jack Towers & Jerry Valburn, Mastering: Don Van Golden & Soundwave Studios, Cover Art & Production: Jayo Zabriskie, Liner Layout: Madeline Sloan. — I have contacted Dan Morgenstdern, who in turn contacted Jerry Valburn for me, who did the Transfer & Editing of the concert. Evidently, Jerry Valburn obtained the “Really The Blues Concert” from  the late Kurt Stern, but Jerry has no idea who Kurt obtain it from or what happened to the original twelve inch acetate discs. Oddly enough, the late Kurt Stern is not even mentioned on the album. Therefore,  no real leads have been obtained yet. Can anyone help me?

Really  The Blues Concert Credits


1. Darktown Strutters Ball                 (A)   (Shelton Brooks)

2. The Blues                                             (A)   (Ad-Lib)

3. Muskrat Ramble                               (A)   (Edward Ory)

4. Sammy’s Boogie Woogie Blues   (B)   (Sammy Price)

5. You Can’t Do That To Me              (C)   (Wesley Wilson)


1. There’ll Be Some Changes Made   (D)   (Higgins-Overstreet)

2. Friar’s Point Shuffle                           (D)   (McKenzie.-Condon)

3. Really The Blues                                 (D)   (Mezz Mezzrow)

4. Really The Blues (Extension)        (D)   (Mezz Mezzrow)

5. High Society                                         (D)   (Williams-Piron)

(A) Muggsy Spanier, coronet; Sandy Williams, trombone; Sidney Bechet, soprano sax; Sammy Price, piano; Wellman Braud, bass; Baby Dodds, drums

(B) Sammy Price, piano; Bady Dodds, drums

(C) Coot Grand and “Kid Sox” Wesley Wilson, vocal with Wesley Wilson, piano

(D) Same as “A” but add Mezz Mezzrow, clarinet

Can anyone help me contact jazz criticNat Hentoff, associate editor of Down Beat magazine from 1953 through 1957? I tried to contact Nat several times with no luck. I was hoping he could explain his February 11, 1953 Down Beat article “Counterpoint” by Nat Hentoff on page 5. One of the harshest criticisms of Mezzrow that I have ever found referenced in a publication. Toward the end of Hentoff’s Counterpoint article he also quoted from a French publication called Jazz-Hot about a Paris concert review that he claimed to back up his harsh criticism of Mezzrow, which I would like to examine in hopes of laying this one to rest. In his article Nat Hentoff quoted  this statement in regards to the Paris J.M.F. sponsored concert (Jeunesses Musicales de France), “The concert itself was characterized by Jazz-Hot as “beaucoup de bruit pour rien” (a lot of noise for nothing). ” However, when I conducted my search through Jazz-Hot magazine from Dec 1952 through Jun of 1953 I failed to find the quote. I suspect Nat Hentoff fabricated the quote  to back up his hash criticism of Mezzrow.

Feb. 27, 2010 update–I was informed that Nat does not communicate by e-mail, evidently he still prefers SASE’s.  In late December, 2009 I received a reply to my inquiry. From what I can tell by his poorly written letter, he apparently did not feel the need to explain his statements or the one he attributed to Jazz-Hot in the ”Counterpoint” article. He just took the opportunity to bash Mezzrow again without an explanation. Nat sounds like a a broken record, he just repeats the same bull shit over and over again.

Any help with my reference searches will be greatly appreciated.

I am also interested in buying $$$ Mezz Mezzrow Jazz memorabilia.

Uncle Mike


I am looking for a late 1800′s dictionary that mentions the etymology of marijuana/marihuana/mariguana (Spanish, Portuguese, English etc…)So far, no dictionary has provided a deriving source for the word mariguana that checked out. Nor have I been able to find the word “maraguango” in any credible dictionary (mentioned in The Military Surgeon Nov, 1933, vol. 72, p.269).


My extensive research has failed to find evidence of the Anslinger-Mellon family connection through the marriage of Martha Anslinger (maiden name Denniston)  mentioned by dozens of writers.

For years I have requested help from researchers through Harry Anslingers wikipedia’s discussion page.  There was no mention of the family connection said by numerous authors to reside in the Altoona Mirror, Altoona, PA., Newspaper obituary of Martha Anslinger on October 10, 1961 p.22. After posting my previous obituary comment regarding the “Citation needed” on the wikipedia discushion page it was replaced with (ref. #22 Valentine, Douglas (2004). The Strength of the Wolf: The Secret History of America’s War on Drugs. Verso Books. pp. 16. ISBN 1-85984-568-1.) I obtained a copy of Valentine’s book “The Strength of the Wolf” for the Mellon reference. Upon my examination of page 16 in the book, referenced as #22, their appeared to be a reference mistake. Valentine should have referenced #21 Douglas Kinder, “Bureaucratic Cold Warrior: Harry J. Anslinger and Illicit Narcotic Traffic,” Pacific Cost Branch, American Historical Association, Pacific Historical Review, 1981, 172-3.” Kinder’s book did mention the “Martha Denniston Leet” reference as #5, admittedly though, reference #5 has dozens of citations. However, near the end of the reference list, Kinder states “Anslingers appointment to the Narcotics Division is explained in John K. Caldwell to Cotton, June 28, 1930, item no. 811.114 n16/1813. box 4917, State Department General Records, decimal file 1930-39, National Archives, Washington, D.C.”. I obtained a copy of the Caldwell letter in question, but no mention of Martha was found. I believe that Douglas Kinder, with his extensive amount of primary references in his Bureaucratic Cold Warrior article, might be able to provide the Mellon reference if I could only find him. Does anybody know how to contact Douglas Kinder?

On 12/18/09 I contacted David Cannadine, author of “Mellon, An American Life”, regarding the Mellon -Anslinger family connection. He replied that he was sorry to say that he had not come across any evidence of the connection. (Mellon: An American Life, published by Knopf, the first biography of one of the economic and political giants of the 20th century. With the cooperation of both the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and the Mellon family, Mr. Cannadine had full access to all archival materials and conducted interviews with family members that had never before been granted. He spent 12 years researching and writing the book.)

Can anyone else provide me with another reference lead regarding the Anslinger-Mellon family connection?

Uncle Mike