Compiling a list of primary and secondary references mentioning Moses Baca or Samuel R. Caldwell that were not included in my book, largely because they contain misinformation or outright lies.
Additionally, since the United Press and Associated Press covered the trial and sent it over the wire, virtually any newspaper around the country could contain an article about their conviction on or after October 8, 1937. Typically newspapers shortened AP & UP stories to fit in a page, so additional details are possible with the discovery of a more complete article.
Please feel free to contribute:
FEDERAL COURT SENTENCES ARE GIVEN BY SYMES, Still Operator Gets Sentence; Marijuana Offenders Convicted of Selling Smokes, Denver, Oct 14. AP, from The Daily Sentinel, Grand Junction, Colorado, October 14, 1937, p.13.
LOCAL “RELIEFER” HELD FOR SELLING MARIHUANA, Police Call U.S. Agents, Mexican-Born Alien Admits Narcotic Work – Has Been making, Selling Loco Weed Cigarets for Year, Says Confession, from the Janesville Daily Gazette, Janesville Wisconsin, Feb 9, 1938 pp. 1 & 3. (A Caldwell references that does not pull its information from the October 8th Denver Post newspaper article, instead it references the Feb. 1 issue of the Federal Bureau of Investigation law enforcement bulletin, which Janesville police had on hand).
MARIHUANA, Our Newest Narcotic Menace, Division Of Narcotic Enforcement, State of California, by Paul E. Madden, Chief, 1939/40, pp 1-4?(page 4 reads zero “0″), Baca page 4. (This article is one of the few that does not mention Caldwell)
REEFER MADNESS, The History of Marijuana in America, by Larry Sloman, from Bobbs-Merrill Company, Inc., 1979, first edition, Baca-Caldwell pp.103-104.
COLORADO REEFER RACISM And The Advent of National Marijuana Prohibition, by Gregory Daurer, from NORML Colorado Press, 1992, Baca-Caldwell p. 3.
REEFER MADNESS, Part 5, by Eric Schlosser, from The Atlantic Monthly, Aug. 1994, pp. 45-49, 52, 54-56, 58-60, 62-63, Baca-Caldwell p. 45.
HEMP IN HISTORY, In Memory of Samuel Caldwell, by the Bambalacha Rambler, from Pikes Peak Hemp Coalition newspaper, Fall 1994, Baca-Caldwell p. 5.
COLORADO REEFER RACISM And The Advent of National Marijuana Prohibition, by Gregory Daurer, from the Pikes Peak Hemp Coalition newspaper, October 1996, pp. 1, 3, 6, 12, Baca-Caldwell p. 1.
PEDDLER OF POT FIRST TO BE SENTENCED IN U.S.-IN 1937, by Mike McPhee, from Denver Post newspaper, Oct. 7, 1997, Baca-Caldwell p. 3B. see also CORRECTION from the Denver Post, Nov 18, 1997, p.2B,# 3. The correction attributed the information and photograph to Julian Alexander but did not mention the article is a butchered version of Julian’s original.
A CALL FOR AN END TO CANNABIS PROHIBITION, by Patrick L. Lilly, from The Gazette, Colorado Springs, Oct. 10, 1997, p. 6.
BALLOT INITIATIVE SEEKS TO LEGALIZE MARIJUANA, by Greg Avery, from the Daily Times-Call, Nov. 2, 1997, pp. D1 & D2, Baca-Caldwell p. D1.
MENACE IN THE WEST, Colorado and the American Experience with Drugs 1873-1963, by Henry O. Whiteside, from the Colorado Historical Society, 1997, first edition, Baca-Caldwell p. 85.
HIGHLIGHTS, An Illustrated History of Cannabis, by Carol Sherman & Andrew Smith With Eric Tanner, Ten Speed Press, first edition 1999, Caldwell p. 70.
CANADA SLOW TO FACE REEFER MADNESS, by Mark Bourrie, from National Post (Canada), Jan. 11, 2003, p. B3, Baca-Caldwell p. B3.
THE FIRST POT POW, from NORML’s web site. This NORML article was created by simply copying the first half of a Canadian story entitled, “CANADA SLOW TO FACE REEFER MADNESS, by Mark Bourrie, from National Post (Canada), Jan. 11, 2003, p. B3, Baca-Caldwell p. B3. NORML has refused to make any changes to correct the misinformation contained within this article, although technically it wasn’t written by them. However, passing along the most accurate information possible is very important for political organisations like NORML, especially since a lot of activists copy and past NORML web pages onto their own web site, thus perpetuating the misinformation internationally.
REEFER MADNESS, Sex Drugs & Cheep Labor in the American Black Market, by Eric Schlosser, Houghton Mifflin Company, 2004, first edition, Caldwell p. 20.
POT CONSIDERED ‘MURDER WEED’ IN 1937,by James B. Meadow, from Rocky Mountain News, Nov. 5, 2005, pp. 4A & 10A, Baca-Caldwell pp. 4A & 10A. Article appeared a couple days after Initiative 100 passed in the 2005 election.
SLANT: THE FIRST STONED, MARIJUANA WAS WRONG FROM THE BEGINNING, by Chris Goldstein, from Citypaper, Philadelphia, Oct. 11th, 2007, p. 5.
U.S. PENITENTIARY LEAVENWORTH, by Kenneth M. LaMaster, from Arcadia Publishing, first edition, 2008, Caldwell p. 43.
CANNABIS CRUSADERS, NORML Lawyers Descend On Aspen, by Andrew Travers, from Aspen News, pp. 1 & 3, June 8, 2008, Caldwell p. 1.
BUSTED, COMING SOON! The 20-Millionth Marijuana Arrest-10/10/08, from High Times magazine,Nov. 2008, p. 108. One of many NORML adds published in High Times during 2008.
MILESTONES IN THE HISTORY OF MARIJUANA, from The Ukiah Daily Journal, by Ukiah Daily Journal Staff, Ukiah Ca., Oct. 22, 2009, p 8A.
MARIJUAN IN COLORADO HAS LONG HISTORY AND AN UNCERTAIN FUTURE, from the Denver Post, by John Ingold, Dec. 31, 2013. I had previously worked with the Denver Post for several years straightening out all of their 1937 ’reefer madness’ stories, but they have reverted back to the same old misinformation regarding Caldwell and Baca. I have attempted to contact the Denver Post’s new marijuana editor, a Ricardo Baca, regarding the fact that his kin, Moses Baca, was actually the first person to be federally convicted for marijuana, but evidently he prefers to give the white guy Caldwell all the credit. Ashamed of his own?
MARIJUANA PROHIBITION BEGAN WITH AN ARREST IN DENVER, ENDS HERE WITH LONG LINES AND HIGH HOPES, from the Huffington Post, by Matt Ferner, Jan 6th, 2014. Another ignorant reporter inaccurately reporting the first marijuana convictions.